Himeji Castle is representative archeological features of modern castles in Japan. It has one of the 12 existing architectural structures called Tenshu which is keep tower built before Edo era (1600-1868). Those structures are designated as a national treasure and as a nationally important cultural property. They are also designated a World Heritage Site in 1993. It is also selected among top 4 national treasure castles and top 3 excellent castles in Japan.
It was likely built by Sadanori AKAMATSU who was a general officer and provincial military governor in 1346. In Meiji era (1868-1912), it became a base for military.
Shigeto NAKAMURA who was a colonel then encouraged to preserve the castle with government expense. This castle suffered from air raids twice in Showa era (1926-1986), it was spared from the loss and remained with many castle structures.
Now it is a core of sightseeing and culture in Himejishi by being a place of events or festival and by using as shooting place for the historical films.
The main tower is under repair from fall 2009 till 2014.
68 Honmachi, Himeji-shi, Hyogo
Himeji Station, JR / Himejijo Stop, Shinki Bus
￥400 for an adult/￥100 for a student up to middle school/Free for a child under age of 5.